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Hilarion Boars
Hilarion Boars

Babad Tanah Sunda/Babad Cirebon: A Historical Source on the Cirebon Sultanate

Babad Tanah Sunda/Babad Cirebon: A Historical Source on the Cirebon Sultanate

Babad Tanah Sunda/Babad Cirebon is a book that contains the history of the Cirebon Sultanate, a former Islamic state that ruled parts of West Java and Central Java from the 14th to the 17th century. The book was compiled by P.S. Sulendraningrat, a descendant of one of the sultans, and published in 1984. The book is based on a Sundanese Cirebon dialect manuscript that dates back to the 18th century.

The book covers various topics related to the Cirebon Sultanate, such as its origin, genealogy, culture, religion, politics, warfare, and relations with other kingdoms. The book also provides insights into the historical context of the Sundanese people and their interaction with Islam. The book is considered a valuable source for scholars and researchers who are interested in the history of West Java and Central Java.

babad tanah sunda babad cirebon pdf download

The book is available in PDF format and can be downloaded from various online sources. However, some of these sources may not be reliable or authorized by the author or publisher. Therefore, it is advisable to check the credibility and quality of the source before downloading the book. Alternatively, one can also find the book in some libraries or bookstores that specialize in Indonesian history and literature.

The Sultanate of Cirebon was one of the first Islamic states in Java, along with Demak and Banten. It was founded by Sunan Gunungjati, a prominent Islamic preacher and one of the Wali Songo (Nine Saints) who spread Islam in Java. Sunan Gunungjati was originally a prince from Pajajaran, a Hindu kingdom in West Java. He converted to Islam and rebelled against his father, King Siliwangi. He then established Cirebon as an independent sultanate in 1482, after receiving a letter of recognition from the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II.

The Sultanate of Cirebon reached its peak of power and influence in the 16th and 17th centuries, under the rule of Sunan Gunungjati's descendants. The sultans of Cirebon expanded their territory through conquest and alliance with other Islamic states, such as Demak, Mataram, Banten, Aceh, and Johor. They also maintained trade and diplomatic relations with foreign powers, such as Portugal, Spain, England, China, and Siam. Cirebon became a center of Islamic learning and culture, attracting scholars, artists, and mystics from various regions.

However, the Sultanate of Cirebon also faced internal and external challenges that eventually led to its decline and disintegration. The sultans of Cirebon had to deal with succession disputes, rebellions, corruption, and natural disasters. They also had to cope with the growing influence and interference of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), which sought to monopolize the spice trade and control the political affairs of Java. In 1677, the VOC intervened in a civil war between two rival factions of Cirebon, resulting in the division of the sultanate into three smaller kingdoms: Kasepuhan, Kanoman, and Kacirebonan. In 1680, another kingdom, Keprabonan, was established by a rebel prince. These four kingdoms became vassals of the VOC and later the Dutch East Indies. 0efd9a6b88


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